Using U.S. Census data, the communities that participated were organized into four categories: Very Small (VS) – serves a population of less than 1,000 residents, Small (S) – serves a population between 1,000 and 5,000 residents, Medium (M) – serves a population between 5,000 and 10,000 residents, and Large (L) – serves a population of greater than 10,000 residents.
Most (64%) study participants were from communities with fewer than 5,000 residents. 127 participants were from very small communities, with less than 1,000 residents. 214 participants were from small communities, 86 participants were from medium sized communities (populations between 5,000 and 10,000), and 108 participants were from large communities.
92% of the public libraries that participated in this study serve communities with populations under 13,000.
Most participants identified as female (87%). 12% identified as male.
Most (73%) participants were between the ages of 65-80. Six individuals over the age of 90 completed the program, and all six of these individuals participated in this program at public libraries that served very small communities.
Due to a number of factors – including some very enthusiastic public librarians – the majority of the participants came from the U.S. state of Iowa. Most very small community participants came from Iowa. Nevertheless, participants represent all of the regions of the United States, with libraries participating in Wyoming, Arizona, Texas, New England, North Carolina, Kentucky, etc. Public libraries from 17 states participated in this study.